MagAO-X 2020A Stay At Home Day -1: The Run That Never Was & A Study In Jolene

Since most of the MagAO-X team resides in Tucson, home of the University of Arizona and Steward Observatory, we are about to come under a stay-at-home policy starting tomorrow, 3/31, at 5 pm MST. This removes all doubt: there will be no MagAO-X run in 2020A. We are on the telescope schedule for May 3-10; to make this, we need to ship next week. And despite all the hard work we’ve put in since returning from our last run, we have a metric sh&*%t ton of work to do before we can be ready to ship. Because we have all been working from home out of prudence for the last couple of weeks, and now we are working from home under orders, there is no way we’ll get it done. Further complications include: LCO is shutdown until 27 April at the earliest; political unrest has started up again and is expected to increase; and we couldn’t fly to Santiago even if the ExAO system made it. Granted there is a lot of time between now and May 3rd, but our decision horizon is much shorter given the vagaries of international cargo shipping in the best of times. [note for completeness: that we do have a poorly developed backup plan to drive ourselves in a U-Haul. A ferry is involved.]

To say it clearly: MagAO-X 2020A is canceled.

We are now planning a late 2020B run, Nov or Dec. So start your telescope proposals.

So here’s the thing. Astronomy is not currently urgent. We astronomers/astrophysicists/optical-scientists don’t have a lot to add to the current goings on. But, (1): we shouldn’t let that cause us to relax. Apropos:

Astronomy can be urgent . . .

And (2): astronomy is still important. As a for instance: we are now all likely paying close attention to how dependent we are on the transportation of resources from point A to B. Now just consider how much of a role GPS plays in this. Sure, that’s based on 400 to 100 year old Astronomy — but it is a key example of what Astronomizing produces. It’s also an excellent illustration of the acute differences between urgent and important. Which are sometimes the same, but often not.

Now to the point: this is the first post of our 2020A stay-at-home blog series. The rules are as usual: the title must start as this post’s does, and there must be a song of the day. I’m expecting the grad students to self organize from here on out, with the option to recruit faculty, post-docs (at any institution), etc., to help share the load. We’re all in this together, and this run will last as long as it takes.

Back in the bad old days of the Long Runs, Alan Uomoto once remarked about our blog “The videos are a nice touch … although I admit I wasn’t able to tease out the blogger’s mental state as readily as I thought I might.” Let’s see what he can do with this.

When Dolly Parton sings her famous song “Jolene”, it sounds almost gleeful, despite the lyrics. To wit:

Basically, Dolly wins in the end and you can tell. Now Miley (Dolly’s goddaughter) delivers it in a more moving tone, sad, but not hopeless:

You don’t really know how it ends though. Any case, this is all really just an excuse to post some rock. If you’ve read this post on this blog for this long, it’s a solid chance that you’re a nerd. So you might claim to not know who the White Stripes are, but you are probably wrong. Just listen to the first 5 seconds of this and get back to me. (come on . . . that’s likely the most recognizable guitar riff of the last 30 years)

The ‘Stripes version of Jolene is completely different.

Jack White’s version is that of a woman who has already lost. And it rocks (yeah).

But wait! Shouldn’t we be giving a message of hope, not despair? In these trying times? Well . . . actually. The thing you should notice most about the White Stripes is how there are 2 microphones. And when the shit hits the fan, Jack always turns and he and Meg rock through it together. It’s an awesome performance style, and it’s what we all need to do.

Appendix: I struggled with which version to post, and ended up with my overall favorite performance. This next one falls under our we have standards mantra, in that I think it’s the best guitar performance of the three:

And this one is the classic. It’s the most heartfelt vocal performance:

Ok grad students. I know how much free time you have on your hands. Don’t let me down.

MagAO pupils and Fourier optics

Today we are going to explore the MagAO pupils and their corresponding transforms in the image plane, courtesy of Fourier optics.

So let’s have a look at the pupil.  Here is a photo of the ASM, taken with a digital camera.  This was from before Clio was mounted, so that we just stood on the Nasmyth platform and put the digital camera where Clio is now.  The light source is the sky, and the light path is primary + secondary + tertiary.

ASM image, from before Clio was mounted. You can see bird poop on the tertiary, a splotch at about 11:00 in this image, and the lollipop-shaped "slot" is at 9:00.

The main features of the pupil are the outer diameter of the mirror, the inner diameter of the secondary obscuration, the support spiders holding up the secondary, and the slot.  Here, then, is the pupil mask:

Pupil mask

Since we know what the pupil looks like, we can create simulated images of the focal plane by taking the Fourier transform modulus squared:

What the PSF will look like in the image plane (log scale)

If we really stretch the color table, you can see the diffraction off the spiders, but it is not a big effect.  Also, I couldn’t find the diffraction off the slot, so it is negligible:

Stretching the color table to saturate the inner part of the PSF allows you to see the diffraction spikes off the spiders, but they are very faint

Now, Clio is an infrared camera, going out to 5 um, and so it has its own pupil mask, a cold stop.  So let’s look at the pupil through Clio, by taking a pupil image (which we did after Clio was mounted).  Here is an image of the pupil plane through the whole system, taken with Clio by putting in a powered lens to the focal plane to make a pupil image:

Clio pupil image, 3.4 um

It’s pretty cool because you can see the 2 spiders holding up the secondary obscuration on the cold stop, but you can also see the 4 telescope spiders and the ASM slot!  Here’s just the Clio cold stop pupil mask:

Pupil mask - Clio cold stop

And here is its Fourier-transform-modulus-squared: The simulated PSF:

Simulated PSF for Clio cold stop (log scale). Diffraction off the spiders is a little bit visible here, since they are slightly wider than the telescope spiders.

And here is the zoomed-out, saturated version so that you can better see the diffraction spikes:

Clio cold stop PSF -- scaled to bring out the diffraction spikes.


Top: ASM slot + telescope spiders pupil image and mask. Bottom: Clio cold stop image + pupil mask.

Top: ASM slot + telescope spiders PSF. Bottom: Clio cold stop PSF.

The two simulated PSFs look very similar, and diffraction off the spiders and slot has a very minimal effect compared to the Airy rings.

The shutter in action

Here’s a short video of our “smart” shutter in action. In this test it is responding to a simulated Strehl ratio time series, showing that it is fast and accurate enough to perform real-time frame selection – essentially lucky imaging without the luck.

This plot shows that the shutter was open when Strehl was high (red line up), and shut when Strehl was low (red line down). The 5ms delay is due to the mechanical delay of the shutter – it doesn’t move instantaneously. We are actively developing predictive algorithms to reduce this error.

VisAO Shutter Response
VisAO Shutter Response

Canada Drugs is an online Effexor drug pharmacy store selling quality and cheap Effexor tablets, with complete Effexor drug information. effexor generic 25 Apr 2011 Updated Oct 2011. Crazy Meds look at Effexor (venlafaxine hydrochloride): uses, pros and cons, effects, side effects, stuff doctors usually don’t offers natural penis enlargement solutions for your safety and happiness. herbal penis enlargement Call (310) 612-9042 Dr. James J. Elist for penis enlargement surgery, penile enlargement advice. He specializes in penile surgery enlargement and testicular
Purchase Zovirax Pills Online at The Best Prices Guaranteed. Purchase Generic Zovirax On Line Cheap at this No Prescription Pharmacy. Save Up To 70% On zovirax generic Buy Zovirax in confidence here at Zovirax for treating cold sores.